Obstacles to democracy in Afghanistan
Today's world moves towards
globalization of cultures and civilizations. Telecommunications, TV, Radio,
Internet, etc. have transformed the world into a small town, and nothing is
hidden from humanity any longer.
When we, despite our opinion - and thought differences may live peaceful and able to respect each other's faith and culture, should also be the dominant cultures that are equipped with a strong economy, military, science and technology to avoid using globalization as an excuse to consider other old and historic cultures or cultures that are under development as broken and lost, and not destroy them.
Or by force, and reluctance to try to impose the second culture and ideology in the name of democracy and liberalism.
People are free to choose ideology and express their opinion. They have the right to choose for themselves how they will live, what they will accept and not accept?
Thus, the expansion and implementation of democracy in an impoverished and war-ravaged country like Afghanistan can hardly be possible through the power and pressure. Afghans doubt that any given type of political thinking and the mechanism outlined from abroad, and to consider it for their religious beliefs. They make resistance if they believe that the conflict with their traditional and religious beliefs. Population's continuous opposition to Soviet ideology for approx. 30 years seide confirms our assertion. It would be better if the allied nations with the United States at the head is carefully and cautiously in its attempt to broaden democracy in Afghanistan.
With its false The use of Islam and the people's faith has Taliabn established an anti-democratic army, and declare clearly that our struggle in Afghanistan is "Islam against democracy". While we Muslim intellectuals are of the opinion that true democracy does not contradict in any way with Islam. On the contrary, these two universal phenomena are compatible and agree with each other in many areas. From our point of view is the Taliban's war in Afghanistan, a struggle towards freedom, towards knowledge and technology and the development.
With the introduction above, we now hold of the issue: "Education for democracy in Afghanistan".
1) The continuation of war and killings of civilians committed by those involved in the conflict:
The Afghan people so the foreign troops with enthusiasm and respect when they in 2001 under U.S. leadership crushed the Taliban. Since they had suffered much in the 6 years of the Taliban's brutal reign, they thought that war and conflict is over and that western democracy would lead to a permanent "peace and safety". But with the strengthening of the Taliban in southern Afghanistan and NATO's increasing struggle with the violent Taliban groups changed after each population's desire for lasting peace to the disappointment and hopelessness. Destruction of houses, civilian casualties and fordrivelsen of the population from a number of villages led to the population's dissatisfaction with players from both sides of the conflict, and even say no to democracy. They saw that the democracy that was featured at the pen and the book was instead attempted introduction of weapons and coercion. The Taliban also tried to implement his extreme way of thinking by using the sword.
2) Corruption and bad government:
The employment of foreign and Afghan expert in the important state agencies from the beginning of the interim board to the elected, increased people's confidence and consent in relation to the state [law]. But as a result of including sky-high salaries to foreign experts, reduction of wages to officials, western companies' takeover of the state sector and control of production sources, increasing the number of NGOs-both Afghan and foreign, looting of international assistance carried out by some circles and a free market economy meant that carelessness and corruption in the Afghan state reached its highest point. All this meant that people lost faith in the government and its supporters, and not listen to empty slogans of democracy.
When people got to see aid money that was meant for the Afghan people go instead to foreign and Afghan experts and NGOs, they began to doubt the international community and the Afghan state. All this meant that they chose to take away from democracy in the Western manner.
Population could be interested in democracy if the honest and faithful individuals with academic knowledge, which had good reputation among the people, were employed and had the responsibility to educate the population about the benefits of democracy and assumptions.
3) The population's lack of knowledge and awareness of democracy:
The majority of Afghans know democracy only in name, and they do not know about the foundations of democracy. If there is a political mechanism or a sophisticated ideology?
Only 10% of Afghans made up of intellectuals and those with education who understand what democracy means. But these do not have much influence among the population so that people can listen to them. Population could become familiar with democracy in some degree if it was established circles of the intellectuals with a good reputation and the moderate clerics so that research on common factors between democracy and Islam and said the population of true democracy, with simple language. Our proposal in this area is that it is added to a school subject "Islam and Democracy" organized by the Ministry of Education. This is for the younger generation gets NOK information about the benefits of democracy.
The usual forrestillingen of common Afghans is that democracy is the same as immoral actions, democracy means fiendtskap with religion, democracy is lawlessness. As long as such forrestillinger and the population's view of democracy does not change, there will be vans that democracy can be extended to Afghan cities and villages.
4) extremists and the violent religious grouping activities against democracy:
From ancient times and in the recent past has elements from extreme environments, fighting against intellectuals and moderates the personalities and challenged them. They considered modernity, development, knowledge, technology and freedom of religion and anti-people culture. They cursed the intellectuals and those who were for the renewal of society. They declared Jihad / holy war against the scientific phenomena, and would not allow others to express their opinion. The right was reserved to themselves. It is the same extremist and violent groups who stand in the way of freedom of expression and political gatherings in the homes of our country today. They have even decided to weaken and remove the Muslim intellectuals who want to reconcile democracy and Islam and educate others about it. Today's armed Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan is basically former extremist groups. The extremist groups see their tilstedsværelse and survival in a Muslim country, particularly in Afghanistan to oppose the knowledge and technology and democracy. Because they know that if people wake up and young people for knowing about current developments and changes, will not they no longer have a say and will thus be isolated. Some of the extremist groups broken Islam as a tool to achieve power and benefits. They do not want people to get NOK information about Islam, and that our young people to talk about science and development among people. Because if so, their status and position will be weakened and they will lose everything.
Poverty and unemployment:
70% of our population are below the poverty line, and day and night they think to find a bite to eat. They are not willing to study about democracy and listen to the slogans associated with democracy. They think only of how to feed themselves and their families, and that they can live a normal life. They believe that democracy is the governmental apparatus and the rich layer of society, and thus does not concern us. Young people from these disadvantaged and the poor who have no work and income, and who are frustrated join the Taliban in hopes to feed his family. There is poverty among the youth as a result, the Taliban are growing in number, and the people's dissatisfaction with the international community and the Afghan government increases. It is natural that the growing poverty, youth unemployment, and concentration of production and wealth in the hands of a limited number of people contributing to class divisions and cause the disintegration of the system.
Afghanistan and a dark future!
Taliban take part in the battlefields with two goals for the eye:
1 - Islamic Caliphate. 2 - martyrdom.
Taliban and Alqaide emphasizes that they are Muslims' support with them, and that they will one day reach their goal of Islamic Caliphate. Day and night they tell their peers and older children about these motives, and sends them to the fire pits.
Taliban leadership to motivate their troops by telling them that you go straight to paradise if you are killed in the battle against foreigners and the Afghan government. The door to paradise is always open to you. This mentality continued also to the young suicide bombers. They are told to hurry up because paradise is waiting for them.
So groups that send their recruits to shoot digging with this view will never cease its military operations and join the peace and reconciliation.
All talk about peace and negotiations put forward by the Taliban is just to buy themselves more time so they can arm themselves more. The Taliban called the ongoing war in Afghanistan for holy war, and they say they want to make holy war and resistance to the infidel destroyed. Therefore, no one has to be opptimist the Taliban's peace and smile. On the other hand, statements from NATO and the United States' prominent generals of any withdrawal from Afghanistan, and pressure from U.S. and European citizens of their own governments has placed the United States and NATO at a crossroads. In the Western media talk a lot about the Taliban's growing strength and the weakness of the Afghan government and international forces. These circumstances will be all in favor of the Taliban, and it will strengthen the morale of their soldiers. The Afghan army and police do not have as much motivation as the Taliban to continue the war. Moreover, the lack of advanced munitions and lack of air means that the army and the police have to live with relying on foreign forces. In such a situation and in case of an eventual withdrawal of international force to the central government might be overthrown in favor of the Taliban. Then the Taliban might not sit quietly, they will create insecurity and chaos in the Middle East. Throughout the region and the world will be affected by such a comprehensive war.
Main Question is that Russia, China and other powerful Muslim countries have not been directly involved yet. They await the international forces with the U.S. in the lead should be subjected to a heavy defeat. Ie. that the Taliban are supported both financially and militarily from one part of the Gulf states and Afghanistan's neighboring countries. It is possible that in the middle of 2010 there arose new regional alliances regarding the war in Afghanistan. So the continuation of the endless war in Afghanistan, and the formation of new regional military alliances shows that Afghanistan can become the starting point for a third world war! And the war-torn Afghanistan will NOK even be exposed to rivalry between great powers. It will remain the oppressed Afghan people who must bear the burden of war. It will take several years to our country can be rebuilt. Thus does outlook for Afghanistan more foggy, and not in the mood.
Mohammad Ullah Naqid
Culture and Society Association leader